In Japan, the government operates under a model known as “The Model of the Eight-Branches”. This model divides the government into eight branches, including the legislature, the judiciary, the executive, and the bureaucracy. Each branch is responsible for specific functions and is independent of the others. This system allows for a good degree of independence and flexibility in the operation of the government.

In addition to their independence, the branches are also configured in a way that allows for cooperation and coordination between them. For example, the executive branch is responsible for implementing laws passed by the legislature. The judicial branch is responsible for ensuring that laws are enforced and that justice is served. The two branches work together to make sure that the laws are implemented effectively and that justice is served.

Because the government operates under a model like The Model of the Eight-Branches, the Japanese government is able to respond quickly to changes in the environment. For example, when the economy began to decline in the late 1990s, the government was able to respond quickly by implementing stimulus policies designed to help revive the economy.

In addition, the Japanese government is also able to cooperate with other countries in order to achieve common goals. For example, when Japan was invaded by Japan in WWII , the government cooperated with the United States and other Allied countries in order to defeat the Japanese forces.

Because the Japanese government operates under a model like The Model of the Eight-Branches, it is able to remain flexible and resilient in the face of changing environments. This is a key attribute of the Japanese government, which is why it is often considered to be one of the best bureaucracies in the world.

Japan is, in effect, a one-party state,  despite appearance to the contrary. Political parties fracture and morph, but the same “status quo” politicians get (re)elected under another flag with the same empty-shell promises.  Government – like in many countries worldwide – is a function of big business and banking interests.  There have been 35 different Prime Ministers in Japan since 1947.  Is this good or bad?  The good is that there are no tyrants.  The bad is that there is not a unifying leadership.

A

Agency for Cultural Affairs, Agency for Natural Resources and Energy, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Research Council Secretariat, Association for International Cooperation of Agriculture and Forestry

B

Bank of  Japan, Building Research Institute, BBC Japan Profile, Board of Audit of Japan, Bureau of Citizens and Cultural Affairs Tokyo

C

Cabinet Legislation Bureau, Cabinet Office, Center for Deep Earth Exploration, Center for Global Environmental Research, Center for Information on Security Trade Control, Central Customs Laboratory, Central Labour Relations Commision, City Planning Institute of Japan, Civil Affairs BureauConstitution and the Basis of Defense Policy, Correction Bureau, Council on Economic and Fiscal Policy, Crop Science Society of Japan, Customs Training Institute

D

Declaration of Independence in Japan, Democratic Party of JapanList of districts of the House of Representatives of Japan, Environmental Dispute Coordination Commission

F

Fair Trade Commission, Financial Services Agency, Fisheries Agency, Fisheries Research Center, Forest Management Service

G

Gender Equality Bureau, Geographical Survey Institute, Geological Survey of Japan, Geospacial Information Authority of Japan, Global Environment Information Center, Governmental and Political Links for Japan

H

Headquarters for Earthquake Research Promotion, House of Representatives, Honshu- Shikoku Bridge Authority, House of Councilors, House of Representative Member Tatsuo Sasayama, Hydrographic and Oceanographic Department

I

Imperial Household Agency, Immigration Bureau, Institute of Developing Economies, Institution of Space and Aeronautical ScienceInternational Youth Development Exchange Program

J

Japan Accident Inquiry Agency, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, Japan Air Self Defense Force, Japan Anti-Monopoly Act, Japan Atomic Energy Committee, Japan Coast Guard, Japan Communist Party, Japan Customs, Japan Defense Agency, Japan Defense Chronology, Japan Fire Equipment Inspection Institute, Japan Foreign Trade Council, Japan Ground Self-Defense Force, Japan Industrial Safety and Health Law Outline, Japan Institute for Labor Policy and Training, Japan International Cooperation Agency, Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences, Japan Marine Science and Technology Center, Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force, Japan Meteorological Agency, Japan Mint, Japan National Diet Library, Japan Patent Office, Japan Pension Service, Japan Policy Research Institute, Japan Post, Japan Quality Assurance Organization, Japan-Russia Relations, Japan Science and Technology, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Japan Tourism Agency, Japan Water Agency, Japanese Communist Party, Japanese Embassy’s Information and Culture Center, Japanese Olympic Committee, Japanese Parliamentary Documents, JETRO 

K

Keidanren, Komeito Party

L

Labor Relations Commission for Seafarers, List and Links for Japanese Diet Members

M

Marine Fishery Resources Research Center, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries of Japan, Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry, Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications, Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, Ministry of the Environment

N

Nara Research Institute for Cultural Properties, Natural Parks Foundation, National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology, National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry, National Institute for Environmental Studies, National Institute for Land and Infrastructure Management, National Institute for Materials Science, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, National Institute of Health Sciences, National Institute of Informatics, National Institute of Information and Communications Technology, National Institute of Polar Research, National Institute of Radiological Sciences, National Institute of Science and Technology Policy, National Police Agency, National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, National Tax Agency, New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization, New Komeito Party, New Party Nippon, Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency

O

Office of Trade and Investment Ombudsman, Osaka Institute of Local Governments

P

Plant Protection Station, Port and Airport Research Institute, Prime Minister of Japan and His Cabinet, Procedures of Commercial and Corporate Registration for  Foreign Nationals and Expatriates, Public Works Research Institute

R

Rehabilitation Bureau, Research Institute of Economy, Riken

S

Science Council of Japan, Small and Medium Enterprise Agency, Social Insurance AgencySupreme Court, Statistics Bureau

T

Tohoku National Fisheries Institute, Tokyo CustomsTokyo National Research Institute for Cultural Properties, Toward the Realization of Equal Pay for Equal Work, Toward Realization of the New Economy and Society, Toward the Realization of a Diverse and Inclusive SocietyTrade and Industry

Y

Yokohama Customs